About Open Access
SHIP influences signals from CD48 and MHC class I ligands that regulate NK cell homeostasis, effector function, and repertoire formation
Lookup NU author(s)
Professor Colin Brooks
Fortenbery NR, Paraiso KH, Taniguchi M, Brooks C, Ibrahim L, Kerr WG
Journal of Immunology
Full text for this publication is not currently held within this repository. Alternative links are provided below where available.
Previously, we showed that 2B4 is a dominant inhibitory receptor in SHIP-deficient NK cells that prevents efficient cytolysis of complex targets. We show in this study that 2B4 deficiency restores homeostatic control and cytolytic function to SHIP-deficient NK cells. However, 2B4−/−SHIP−/− NK cells still exhibit a profound disruption of their NK receptor repertoire and are compromised for induction of IFN-γ by several NK-activating receptors, including NKp46, NK.1.1, and NKG2D. In addition, we find that 2B4−/− NK cells have an extensively disrupted repertoire, including a supernormal frequency of NKp46+ NK cells. Consequently IFN-γ is induced on a much higher percentage of 2B4−/− NK cells following engagement of NKp46. We also find that both SHIP and 2B4 are required to prevent expression of Ly49B, a myeloid lineage MHC class I receptor not normally expressed by the NK lineage. Finally, when SHIP-deficient NK cells are on an H-2d background, they exhibit supernormal levels of Ly49A and possess normal cytolytic function against MHC-matched tumor targets and enhanced cytolysis of MHC mismatched tumor targets. However, despite normal or elevated cytolytic function, H2d SHIP−/− NK cells exhibit poor induction of IFN-γ like their H2b+ or 2B4−/− counterparts, demonstrating a uniform requirement for SHIP in induction of IFN-γ downstream of key NK activating receptors. These findings reveal a complex interplay of SHIP, 2B4, and MHC in the regulation of homeostasis, effector function, and repertoire formation in the NK cell lineage.
American Association of Immunologists
Altmetrics provided by
Newcastle University Library, NE2 4HQ, United Kingdom. Tel: 0044 (191) 222 7657
©2017 Newcastle University Library