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Green Infrastructure Planning: Cross-National Analysis between the North East of England (UK) and Catalonia (Spain)
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Llausas A, Roe MH
European Planning Studies
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As green infrastructure plans are being developed and implemented in a number of regions throughout the UK and interest in the theory and methods is emerging in a number of other countries there is opportunity to explore the potentials for green infrastructure planning throughout Europe. Focussing on the North East region of the UK, we analyse the functions and benefits that a green infrastructure network is providing and, using cross-national comparison, we critically theorise the potentials for green infrastructure planning in Catalonia, while recognising that there are key differences between these regions; particularly in relation to climate, societal characteristics, institutional organisations and frameworks for landscape planning. We discuss the transferability of the characteristics which appear to be provided from green infrastructure planning in the UK; characteristics range from those that could not easily be translated into the Catalan framework, to those that exhibit possibilities for greater benefit in a Mediterranean context. We conclude that, overall, the implementation of green infrastructure planning would be relatively easy to achieve and mostly beneficial under a Mediterranean environment. Our conclusions are tempered by a recognition that the provision of functions and benefits are subject to the influence of the particular organisational characteristics and the cultural background of each region, and in particular the very different impacts that climate change is likely to have.
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