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Traffic emissions and environmental impacts of land use and transport policies in North East England
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Dr Anil Namdeo
Namdeo AK, Mitchell G, Hargreaves AH
Conference Proceedings (inc. Abstract)
Urban Environmental Pollution
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Normal 0 false false false EN-GB ZH-CN X-NONE MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 One of the key questions facing academics and practitioners today is how far, and by what means, can towns and cities be planned for the future to promote social inclusivity, economic efficiency and environmental sustainability. As part of the SOLUTIONS project (Sustainability of Land Use and Transport in Outer Neighbourhoods) funded in the UK by the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) a range of land-use and transport strategies have been devised and tested using a strategic-level Land-use and Transport Interaction model of the Tyne and Wear urban conurbation in the north east of England. Four land-use development options were tested by the model using a base year of 2000 and a horizon year of 2031 with different assumptions over the level of investment in highway capacity and public transport. The four land-use options were the trend (reflecting existing policies and committed investment plans), a ‘Compact City’, ‘Market-led dispersal’ and ‘Planned urban expansion’. All options were tested with and without the introduction of a distance-based system of road-user charging. Assessment of the four land-use options has been carried out using a framework of sustainability indicators divided into four categories; environment, social, economic and natural resources. Traffic emissions and environmental impacts of the four options has been carried out using a series of models. The paper presents the results of the traffic emissions and environmental impacts of the four options for trend (2000 to 2031) and four land use options with and without RUC and compares them with the base case.
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