The Robustness of CAPTCHAs: A Security Engineering Perspective

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  2. Dr Jeff Yan
  3. Ahmad El Ahmad
Author(s)Yan J, El Ahmad AS
Publication type Report
Series TitleSchool of Computing Science Technical Report Series
Legacy DateNovember 2009
Report Number1180
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CAPTCHA (or Human Interaction Proof) is now almost a standard security technique for defending against undesirable or malicious bot programs on the Internet. However, the robustness of CAPTCHAs has so far been studied mainly just in communities such as computer vision, and document analysis and recognition. This paper motivates a security engineering perspective of the robustness of CAPTCHAs. Specifically, we show that a number of CAPTCHAs that appeared to be secure, including schemes widely deployed by Microsoft, Yahoo and Google and some other less well-known ones, could be broken with a high success rate with simple but novel attacks. In contrast to earlier work that relied on sophisticated computer vision algorithms, our attacks exploited critical design errors that we discovered in each scheme. The main lesson is that security engineering expertise and experience, in particular adversarial thinking skills, can make a unique and significant contribution to the improvement of the robustness of CAPTCHAs.
InstitutionSchool of Computing Science, University of Newcastle upon Tyne
Place PublishedNewcastle upon Tyne
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