Persuasion and variation in architecture based on Roman Ingarden's aesthetics

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  2. Kati Blom
Author(s)Blom K
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Publication type Conference Proceedings (inc. Abstract)
Conference NameNAAR 2010 Conference: From Gesamtkunswerk to Complexity - Architectue in All Scales
Conference LocationTampere, Finland
Year of Conference2010
Legacy Date22-24 April 2010
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Pages
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Phenomenological realist Roman Ingarden (1893-1970) uses the concepts of idealisation, actualisation, realisation and concretization, which give at least two levels of free interpretations of design process. The first is the phase of actualisation, when ideas and values are given form and variations in any representational media. The second is present in an aesthetic experience of lived reality with multiple of aspects (concretizations). These perceptions are loosely based on the intentionality as experienced and perceived in a real object. This open system of architecture, as sketched by Ingarden, is close to the fashionable algorithmic approach (of systemised variations), but differs in emphasis of an aesthetic experience, and importance of the end result, and its link with the value systems. I argue that value system is crucial to understand the socio-ethical implications of this system. We now live a moment, when the actualisation phase- so the phase of studio critique of presentations of design- is scrutinised by environmentalist, sociologists and politicians. The values and ideas behind designs on its meta-level are not any more anyone’s private issue. The relativism, as augured by Kipnis, is challenged when confronted by the global environmental and economical interconnectedness. A new hypervalue gives urgency to find formal solutions, which exemplify the principles of sustainability. I will use Hollmén. Reuter and Sandman’s Women’s centre in Senegal (1995-2001) as an example, and talk about the new socio-ethical concretism. The possibility of variations reinforces the conscious choices in architecture and the skill of persuasion.