Placing Agriculture within Rural Development: Evidence from EU Case Studies

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  2. Dr Carmen Hubbard
  3. Professor Matthew Gorton
Author(s)Hubbard MC, Gorton M
Publication type Article
JournalEnvironment and Planning C: Government and Policy
ISSN (print)0263-774X
ISSN (electronic)1472-3425
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In the light of four competing models for rural development (agrarian, exogenous, endogenous and neo-endogenous) this paper evaluates the relationship between agriculture, agricultural policy and rural development in five regions in established EU member states: The Borders, Midlands and Western Region (Ireland), Navarra (Spain), Tyrol (Austria), Skåne (Sweden) and Altmark (Germany). Evidence suggests that both the agrarian and exogenous models are anachronistic. However, the Common Agricultural Policy remains closest to the agrarian model of rural development, and in its current form fails to promote a wider rural and territorial development. Leader, which is often perceived as a viable alternative approach to rural development fits most closely with the neo-endogenous rather than endogenous model. Nevertheless, for EU policy to fully embody the neo-endogenous model a far more fundamental reform of the CAP would be required than that agreed in the wake of the Health Check.
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