Is risk for mania associated with increased daydreaming as a form of mental imagery?

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  2. Dr Thomas Meyer
  3. Lucy Finucane
  4. Dr Gabriele Jordan
Author(s)Meyer TD, Finucane L, Jordan G
Publication type Article
JournalJournal of Affective Disorders
ISSN (print)0165-0327
ISSN (electronic)1573-2517
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Background: Bipolar disorder and risk for mania are associated with setting high goals and dysregulated goal pursuit. One mechanism mediating between setting high goals and manic symptoms could be daydreaming or more generally, mental imagery. Akiskal et al. (1995) reported that daydreaming prospectively predicted a switch from unipolar depression to bipolar disorder. We here hypothesized that risk for mania should also be associated with increased daydreaming after controlling for depression. Method: N = 249 participants completed several self-report measures including the Hypomanic Personality scale and Daydreaming scale. Results: Hierarchical regression revealed that risk for mania predicted daydreaming after controlling for current and former depression. Limitations: Only self-report measures were used. Conclusions: Despite limitations our results support the hypothesis that vulnerability for mania is associated with daydreaming. Daydreaming was related to mania and depression which highlights that it might be relevant for the etiology or maintenance of mood disorders.
PublisherElsevier BV
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