Complex inhibitory effects of nitric oxide on autophagy

  1. Lookup NU author(s)
  2. Dr Viktor Korolchuk
Author(s)Sarkar S, Korolchuk VI, Renna M, Imarisio S, Fleming A, Williams A, Garcia-Arencibia M, Rose C, Luo S, Underwood BR, Kroemer G, O'Kane CJ, Rubinsztein DC
Publication type Article
JournalMolecular Cell
Year2011
Volume43
Issue1
Pages19-32
ISSN (print)1097-2765
ISSN (electronic)1097-4164
Full text for this publication is not currently held within this repository. Alternative links are provided below where available.
Autophagy, a major degradation process for long-lived and aggregate-prone proteins, affects various human processes, such as development, immunity, cancer, and neurodegeneration. Several autophagy regulators have been identified in recent years. Here we show that nitric oxide (NO), a potent cellular messenger, inhibits autophagosome synthesis via a number of mechanisms. NO impairs autophagy by inhibiting the activity of S-nitrosylation substrates, JNK1 and IKKβ. Inhibition of JNK1 by NO reduces Bcl-2 phosphorylation and increases the Bcl-2–Beclin 1 interaction, thereby disrupting hVps34/Beclin 1 complex formation. Additionally, NO inhibits IKKβ and reduces AMPK phosphorylation, leading to mTORC1 activation via TSC2. Overexpression of nNOS, iNOS, or eNOS impairs autophagosome formation primarily via the JNK1–Bcl-2 pathway. Conversely, NOS inhibition enhances the clearance of autophagic substrates and reduces neurodegeneration in models of Huntington's disease. Our data suggest that nitrosative stress-mediated protein aggregation in neurodegenerative diseases may be, in part, due to autophagy inhibition.
PublisherCell Press
URLhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.molcel.2011.04.029
DOI10.1016/j.molcel.2011.04.029
Actions    Link to this publication
Share