Towards Quantitative Analysis of Opacity

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  2. Dr Jeremy Bryans
  3. Professor Maciej Koutny
  4. Dr Chunyan Mu
Author(s)Bryans J, Koutny M, Mu C
Publication type Report
Series TitleSchool of Computing Science Technical Report Series
Year2011
DateNovember 2011
Report Number1304
Pages21
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Opacity is a general approach for describing and unifying security properties expressed as predicates. A predicate is opaque if an observer of the system is unable to determine the satisfaction of the predicate in a given run of the system. The meaning of opacity is straightforward when considering the standard (qualitative) operational semantics, but there are a number of possible interpretations in a context where quantitative information about system evolutions is available. We propose four variants of quantitative opacity defined for probabilistic labelled transition systems, with each variant capturing a different aspect of quantifying the opacity of a predicate. Moreover, we present results showing how these four properties can be checked or approximated for specific classes of probabilistic labelled transition systems, observation functions, and system predicates.
InstitutionSchool of Computing Science, University of Newcastle upon Tyne
Place PublishedNewcastle upon Tyne
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