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Translating research evidence to service provision for prevention of type 2 diabetes: development and early outcomes of the ‘New life, New you’ intervention
Lookup NU author(s)
Dr Linda Penn
Professor John Mathers
Professor Mark Walker
Professor Martin White
Penn L, Lordon J, Lowry R, Smith W, Mathers JC, Walker M, White M
British Journal of Diabetes and Vascular Disease
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We report the development and early outcomes of an innovative intervention, directed to people at risk of type 2 diabetes, delivered by fitness trainers in leisure and community settings in Middlesbrough, UK. Men and women aged 45 to 65, living in socio-economically disadvantaged areas were assessed for risk of type 2 diabetes and recruited to the intervention. Weight, height, waist circumference and physical activity were measured at baseline and six months. A social marketing campaign attracted 217 recruits. Baseline means (standard deviation; SD) were as follows: age 53.1(5.9) years, FINDRISC-score (a questionnaire-based prospective risk score to predict development of type 2 diabetes) 13.2 (3.3), body mass index 32.9 kgm
(6.0), physical activity level 49.2 (6.4) self-report metabolic equivalent tasks (MET)-hours/day. Follow-up was completed by 144 participants with mean (SD) reduction in weight −2.2 kg (4.3) (95% confidence interval (CI) −3.0 to −1.5) and waist circumference −5.5 cm (4.5) (95% CI −6.6 to −4.5); increase in physical activity level +5.5 (5.4) (95% CI 4.5–6.4) self report MET-hours/day and variety +1.4 (1.2) (95% CI 1.1–1.6) activity types. High retention and positive outcomes at six months are indications of initial success. The interim results of this real-world intervention are comparable to early intermediate health outcomes in the European Diabetes Prevention Study (EDIPS)-Newcastle randomised controlled trial suggesting potential for translation of lifestyle intervention into practice. Longer term follow-up and controlled evaluation are warranted.
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