Influence of surface roughness on the initial formation of biofilm

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  2. Dr Yasmine Ammar
  3. Dr David Swailes
  4. Dr Ben Bridgens
  5. Dr Jinju Chen
Author(s)Ammar Y, Swailes DC, Bridgens BN, Chen J
Publication type Article
JournalSurface and Coatings Technology
ISSN (print)0257-8972
ISSN (electronic)1879-3347
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Surface roughness is an important factor affecting cellular attachment to surfaces prior to biofilm formation. The presence of nanoscale asperities reduces the physicochemical potential barrier encountered by a bacterial cell when it approaches the surface. This work studies the initial bacterial deposition prior to biofilm formation for wastewater treatment. The objective of this work is to model how surface roughness of the substrate and appendages of the bacteria affect bacterial adhesion. In this study, bacteria are treated as inert particles that attach to surfaces according to the extended Derjaguin–Landau–Verwey–Overbeek (DLVO) theory. Surface roughness is modelled by reconstructing the surface topography using statistical parameters derived from Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM) roughness analyses. The model is validated by comparing deposition measured in a parallel flow chamber to the Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) results for different ionic strengths. Based on CFD simulations, the relationship between the deposition rate and the nanoscale surface roughness has been established. These findings can be used to guide the surface design of bed materials in wastewater treatment plants to control deposition.
NotesOriginally given at 42nd International Conference on Metallurgical Coatings and Thin Films
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