Tooth size in patients with supernumerary teeth and a control group measured by image analysis system

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  2. Dr Khaled Khalaf
Author(s)Khalaf K, Robinson DL, Elcock C, Smith RN, Brook AH
Publication type Article
JournalArchives of Oral Biology
ISSN (print)0003-9969
ISSN (electronic)1879-1506
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OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare tooth size measurements between patients with supernumerary teeth and a control group. METHOD: The supernumerary group consisted of 56 subjects (21 females and 35 males) and the control group of 40 subjects (20 females and 20 males). All available permanent teeth on the dental casts were imaged and measured from both buccal and occlusal views using an image analysis system. Mesio-distal, bucco-lingual or occluso-gingival dimensions, area and perimeter were measured from each view. RESULTS: Supernumerary tooth patients tended to have larger tooth size measurements for almost all variables than controls. Significant differences (p<0.05) were found for the mesio-distal dimension of the upper and lower incisors and the bucco-lingual dimensions of the lower first premolars. CONCLUSIONS: The results are compatible with supernumerary teeth being a complex dental anomaly with a multifactorial aetiology in which both genetic and environmental factors are important. There is some evidence of a local effect with greater differences in tooth dimension adjacent to the site of the supernumeraries.
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