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A Delphi survey of best practice occupational therapy for Parkinson's disease in the United Kingdom
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Dr Katherine Deane
Deane KHO, Ellis-Hill C, Dekker K, Davies P, Clarke CE
British Journal of Occupational Therapy
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This study was designed to determine the character of best occupational therapy practice for Parkinson's disease in the United Kingdom. Two hundred and forty-two occupational therapists treating people with Parkinson's disease were sent a Delphi survey containing statements about best practice and asked to indicate their level of agreement with each statement. The second survey contained the same list of statements, with group levels of agreement from the first round for each statement. The respondents re-rated their answers and gave their opinion on the efficacy of various interventions. One hundred and fifty occupational therapists (62%) completed both rounds. Ninety-nine per cent of the respondents agreed that Parkinson's disease required lifelong provision of occupational therapy, within multidisciplinary teams, and that the social and psychological aspects of the disease were as important as the physical ones. The occupational therapists had confidence in many techniques for achieving physical, social and psychological goals. However, 40% of the respondents could not rate the efficacy of social and psychological techniques owing to a lack of knowledge. There was a high level of consensus nationally on the character of best practice occupational therapy for Parkinson's disease. The survey highlighted a need for more postgraduate training, especially in psychological techniques.
College of Occupational Therapists
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