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Brain architecture: a design for natural computation

Lookup NU author(s): Professor Marcus Kaiser

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Abstract

Fifty years ago, John von Neumann compared the architecture of the brain with that of the computers he invented and which are still in use today. In those days, the organization of computers was based on concepts of brain organization. Here, we give an update on current results on the global organization of neural systems. For neural systems, we outline how the spatial and topological architecture of neuronal and cortical networks facilitates robustness against failures, fast processing and balanced network activation. Finally, we discuss mechanisms of self-organization for such architectures. After all, the organization of the brain might again inspire computer architecture.


Publication metadata

Author(s): Kaiser M

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Proceedings of the Royal Society of London: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences

Year: 2007

Volume: 365

Issue: 1861

Pages: 3033-3045

ISSN (print): 1364-5021

ISSN (electronic): 1471-2946

Publisher: The Royal Society Publishing

URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rsta.2007.0007

DOI: 10.1098/rsta.2007.0007


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