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Medial temporal lobe atrophy on MRI differentiates Alzheimer's disease from dementia with Lewy bodies and vascular cognitive impairment: a prospective study with pathological verification of diagnosis

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Emma Burton, Dr Robert Barber, Dr Elizabeta Mukaetova-Ladinska, Dr Evelyn Jaros, Professor Raj Kalaria, Professor John O'Brien

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Abstract

The purpose of this study was to determine the diagnostic accuracy of medial temporal lobe atrophy (MTA) on MRI for distinguishing Alzheimers disease from other dementias in autopsy confirmed cases, and to determine pathological correlates of MTA in Alzheimers disease, dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) and vascular cognitive impairment (VCI). We studied 46 individuals who had both antemortem MRI and an autopsy. Subjects were clinicopathologically classified as having Alzheimers disease (n 11), DLB (n 23) or VCI (n 12). MTA was rated visually using a standardized (Scheltens) scale blind to clinical or autopsy diagnosis. Neuropathological analysis included Braak staging as well as quantitative analysis of plaques, tangles and -synuclein Lewy body-associated pathology in the hippocampus. Correlations between MTA and pathological measures were carried out using Spearmans rho, linear regression to assess the contributions of local pathologic changes to MTA. Receiver operator curve analysis was used to assess the diagnostic specificity of MTA for Alzheimers disease among individuals with Alzheimers disease, DLB and VCI. MTA was a highly accurate diagnostic marker for autopsy confirmed Alzheimers disease (sensitivity of 91 and specificity of 94) compared with DLB and VCI. Across the entire sample, correlations were observed between MTA and Braak stage ( 0.50, P 0.001), per cent area of plaques in the hippocampus ( 0.37, P 0.014) and per cent area of tangles in the hippocampus ( 0.49, P 0.001). Linear regression showed Braak stage (P 0.022) to be a significant predictor of MTA but not percent area of plaques (P 0.375), percent area of tangles (P 0.330) or percent area of Lewy bodies (P 0.086). MTA on MRI had robust discriminatory power for distinguishing Alzheimers disease from DLB and VCI in pathologically confirmed cases. Pathologically, it is more strongly related to tangle rather than plaque or Lewy body pathology in the temporal lobe. It may have utility as a means for stratifying samples in vivo on the basis of putative differences in pathology.


Publication metadata

Author(s): Burton EJ, Barber R, Mukaetova-Ladinska EB, Robson J, Perry RH, Jaros E, Kalaria RN, O'Brien JT

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Brain

Year: 2009

Volume: 132

Issue: 1

Pages: 195-203

ISSN (print): 0006-8950

ISSN (electronic): 1460-2156

Publisher: Oxford University Press

URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/brain/awn298

DOI: 10.1093/brain/awn298


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