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Variation in the ADIPOQ gene promoter is associated with carotid intima media thickness independent of plasma adiponectin levels in healthy subjects

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Sheila Patel, Dr Ibrahim Ibrahim, Dr Peter Avery, Professor Mark Walker

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Abstract

Aims The ADIPOQ gene encodes the protein adiponectin, and decreased circulating adiponectin levels have been observed in cardiovascular disease. We investigated the role of the ADIPOQ gene single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) A-11426G, G-11391A, C-11377G, and T45G with plasma adiponectin levels and common carotid artery intima media thickness (IMT) in a cohort of healthy subjects participating in the RISC (Relationship between Insulin Sensitivity and Cardiovascular disease) study. Methods and results Anthropometric and metabolic assessment and B-mode ultrasound of the carotid IMT were measured in 1306 subjects [589 men; 717 women, mean +/- SD age 43.8 +/- 8.3 years, BMI 25.5 +/- 4.0 kg/m(2)] recruited from 19 centres in 14 European countries. Carriers of the -11426G allele and homozygous carriers of the -11391G allele had significantly lower plasma adiponectin levels. These relationships remained significant after adjusting for age, sex, recruitment centre, and BMI. Carriers of SNP -11377G allele had significantly greater IMT values compared with C allele homozygotes [geometric mean (interquartile range) 601 (543-665) vs. 590 (537-647) mm, P = 0.021]. This relationship became stronger after correcting for key covariates, including plasma adiponectin levels (P = 0.011). Conclusion Variation within the ADIPOQ gene promoter is directly associated with carotid IMT in healthy subjects and is independent of circulating adiponectin levels.


Publication metadata

Author(s): Patel S, Flyvbjerg A, Kozàkovà M, Frystyk J, Ibrahim IM, Petrie JR, Avery PJ, Ferrannini E, Walker M, and the RISC Investigators

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: European Heart Journal

Year: 2008

Volume: 29

Issue: 3

Pages: 386-393

Date deposited: 25/08/2010

ISSN (print): 0195-668X

ISSN (electronic): 1522-9645

Publisher: Oxford University Press

URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/eurheartj/ehm526

DOI: 10.1093/eurheartj/ehm526


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