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Lookup NU author(s): Dr Maw Tan,
Professor Julia Newton,
Dr Thomas Chadwick,
Dr Steve Parry
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Aims Previous uncontrolled studies reported an overlap between carotid sinus hypersensitivity (CSH), vasovagal syncope (VVS), and orthostatic hypotension ( OH). We conducted a case-control study evaluating this relationship in a large patient cohort. Methods and results The electronically stored continuous electrocardiograph and blood pressure ( BP) measurements for active stand and head-up tilt-table ( HUT) tests of 302 consecutive patients investigated with carotid sinus massage ( CSM) were analysed. Carotid sinus hypersensitivity was defined as >= 3 s asystole and/or systolic BP ( SBP) drop of >= 50 mmHg during CSM. Orthostatic hypotension was defined as BP reductions of >= 20 mmHg systolic or of >= 10 mmHg diastolic, whereas VVS was diagnosed with a positive HUT test. There was no significant difference in the number of subjects with OH ( 57 vs. 55%; P = 0.778) or HUT-positive VVS ( 45 vs. 47%; P = 0.828) between cases with CSH and controls without CSH. Carotid sinus hypersensitivity subjects had significantly larger SBP reduction ( P = 0.039) and longer time to nadir ( P = 0.007) during active stand, and trends to vasodepressor ( P = 0.071) and dysautonomic responses to HUT ( P = 0.151). Conclusion Carotid sinus hypersensitivity, OH, and VVS are common conditions affecting patients with syncope and falls which are likely to co-exist in such individuals. The differences in haemodynamic response patterns to active stand and HUT in CSH subjects could be the result of an age-associated delay in sympathetic responses.
Author(s): Tan MP, Newton JL, Chadwick TJ, Parry SW
Publication type: Article
Publication status: Published
ISSN (print): 1099-5129
ISSN (electronic): 1532-2092
Publisher: Oxford University Press
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