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Predicting physical exercise in cardiac rehabilitation: The role of phase-specific self-efficacy beliefs

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Abstract

During the process of health behavior change, individuals pass different phases characterized by different demands and challenges that have to be mastered. To overcome these demands successfully, phase-specific self-efficacy beliefs are important. The present study distinguishes between task self-efficacy, maintenance self-efficacy, and recovery self-efficacy. These phase-specific beliefs were studied in a sample of 484 cardiac patients during rehabilitation treatment and at follow-up 2 and 4 months after discharge to predict physical exercise at 4 and 12 months follow-up. The three phase-specific self-efficacies showed sufficient discriminant validity and allowed for differential predictions of intentions and behavior. Persons in the maintenance phase benefited more from maintenance self-efficacy in terms of physical exercise than persons not in the maintenance phase. Those who had to resume their physical exercise after a health related break profited more from recovery self-efficacy in terms of physical exercise than persons who were continuously active. Implications for possible interventions are discussed.


Publication metadata

Author(s): Scholz U, Sniehotta FF, Schwarzer R

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology

Year: 2005

Volume: 27

Issue: 2

Pages: 135-151

Date deposited: 25/06/2010

ISSN (print): 0895-2779

ISSN (electronic): 1543-2904

Publisher: Human Kinetics


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