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Comparative study of performance and emissions of a diesel engine using Chinese pistache and jatropha biodiesel

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Yaodong Wang, Professor Tony Roskilly

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Abstract

An experimental study of the performances and emissions of a diesel engine is carried out using two different biodiesels derived from Chinese pistache oil and jatropha oil compared with pure diesel. The results show that the diesel engine works well and the power outputs are stable running with the two selected biodiesels at different loads and speeds. The brake thermal efficiencies of the engine run by the biodiesels are comparable to that run by pure diesel, with some increases of fuel consumptions. It is found that the emissions are reduced to some extent when using the biodiesels. Carbon monoxide (CO) emissions are reduced when the engine run at engine high loads, so are the hydrocarbon (HC) emissions. Nitrogen oxides (NOx) emissions are also reduced at different engine loads. Smoke emissions from the engine fuelled by the biodiesels are lowered significantly than that fuelled by diesel. It is also found that the engine performance and emissions run by Chinese pistache are very similar to that run by jatropha biodiesel. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


Publication metadata

Author(s): Huang JC, Wang YD, Qin JB, Roskilly AP

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Fuel Processing Technology

Year: 2010

Volume: 91

Issue: 11

Pages: 1761-1767

Print publication date: 08/08/2010

ISSN (print): 0378-3820

ISSN (electronic): 1873-7188

Publisher: Elsevier BV

URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fuproc.2010.07.017

DOI: 10.1016/j.fuproc.2010.07.017


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