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Lookup NU author(s): Claire Marriott,
Dr Susan Campbell
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Objectives: We wished to identify a major transcript that is upregulated during in vivo pancreatic islet neogenesis and examine the expression of the gene in beta and ductal cells. Methods: Differential display polymerase chain reaction was used to identify upregulated transcripts after islet neogenesis was stimulated in the rat by brief occlusion of the main pancreatic duct. The expression of this major transcript, namely PDCD4 (programmed cell death gene 4), was measured in beta and ductal cells after stimulation with the incretin hormone glucagon-like peptide 1, mitogenic insulin, the thiazolidinedione rosiglitazone, and by high glucose concentrations. The subcellular location of the protein was also examined. Results: The expression of the Pdcd4 gene in pancreatic beta and ductal cells was found to be stimulated in a comparable manner by either glucagon-like peptide 1, insulin, and by high glucose concentrations. However, intracellular localisation of the PDCD4 protein was shown to be differentially regulated by these stimuli in beta and ductal cells. Furthermore, the thiazolidinedione rosiglitazone specifically upregulates Pdcd4 gene expression in beta cells in a time-dependent manner. Conclusion: This is the first study showing Pdcd4 expression in pancreatic cells. Our data indicate that Pdcd4 expression may be integral in the function of the adult pancreas.
Author(s): Ferris WF, Marriott CE, Ali T, Landy C, Campbell SC, Macfarlane WM
Publication type: Article
Publication status: Published
Print publication date: 01/01/2011
ISSN (print): 0885-3177
ISSN (electronic): 1536-4828
Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
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