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Stimulation of methanotroph activity by Cu-substituted borosilicate glass

Lookup NU author(s): Professor David Graham

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Abstract

Previous investigations have shown that bacteria can derive benefits from elements within mineral assemblages associated with/or proximal to their point of attachment; however to date, no study has shown a direct connection between mineral dissolution and the biological oxidation of the greenhouse gas methane (CH4). Here we investigate linkages between the Cu content of silicate glasses (Si-glasses) and CH4 oxidation rates in Methylosinus trichosporium OB3b, a type II methanotroph. A series of batch growth experiments were performed under varying solid phase Cu (0, 80, 200, 400, and 800 ppm Cu) and initial aqueous phase methane concentrations (40, 70, and 130 nM CH4). Under near equilibrium conditions, the release of Cu from the glasses increased in association with M. trichosporium OB3b activity. The acquisition of Cu from the glasses directly influenced CH4 oxidation rates of M. trichosporium OB3b, presumably by promoting the expression and activity of copper-containing particulate methane monooxygenase (pMMO), themost efficientMMOformethane oxidation produced. Highest CH4 oxidation rates were observed in glasses with 80 ppm Cu. However, rates generally displayed an inverted-U relationship with solid-phase Cu concentration; i.e., rates were lower with solid phase Cu concentrations < 80 ppm or > 200 ppm. We conclude that in situ methanotroph activity in soils and sediments is strongly influenced by ambient solid-phase Cu concentrations, which has important implications to interpreting greenhouse gas flux data in geologic settings.


Publication metadata

Author(s): Kulczycki E, Fowle DA, Kenward PA, Leslie K, Graham DW, Roberts JA

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Geomicrobiology Journal

Year: 2011

Volume: 28

Issue: 1

Pages: 1-10

Print publication date: 01/01/2011

ISSN (print): 0149-0451

ISSN (electronic): 1521-0529

Publisher: Taylor & Francis Inc.

URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01490451003614971

DOI: 10.1080/01490451003614971


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