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Mutation in the TCRα subunit constant gene (TRAC) leads to a human immunodeficiency disorder characterized by a lack of TCRαβ+ T cells

Lookup NU author(s): Professor Andrew Cant, Professor Sophie Hambleton

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Abstract

Inherited immunodeficiency disorders can be caused by mutations in any one of a large number of genes involved in the function of immune cells. Here, we describe two families with an autosomal recessive inherited immunodeficiency disorder characterized by increased susceptibility to infection and autoimmunity. Genetic linkage studies mapped the disorder to chromosomal region 14q11.2, and a homozygous guanine-to-adenine substitution was identified at the last base of exon 3 immediately following the translational termination codon in the TCR alpha subunit constant gene (TRAC). RT-PCR analysis in the two affected individuals revealed impaired splicing of the mRNA, as exon 3 was lost from the TRAC transcript. The mutant TCR alpha chain protein was predicted to lack part of the connecting peptide domain and all of the transmembrane and cytoplasmic domains, which have a critical role in the regulation of the assembly and/or intracellular transport of TCR complexes. We found that T cells from affected individuals were profoundly impaired for surface expression of the TCR alpha beta complex. We believe this to be the first report of a disease-causing human TRAC mutation. Although the absence of TCR alpha beta(+) T cells in the affected individuals was associated with immune dysregulation and autoimmunity, they had a surprising level of protection against infection.


Publication metadata

Author(s): Morgan NV, Goddard S, Cardno TS, McDonald D, Rahman F, Barge D, Ciupek A, Straatman-Iwanowska A, Pasha S, Guckian M, Anderson G, Huissoon A, Cant A, Tate WP, Hambleton S, Maher ER

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Journal of Clinical Investigation

Year: 2011

Volume: 121

Issue: 2

Pages: 695-702

Print publication date: 01/02/2011

ISSN (print): 0021-9738

ISSN (electronic): 1558-8238

Publisher: American Society for Clinical Investigation

URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1172/JCI41931

DOI: 10.1172/JCI41931


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