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Influence of organic loading on the performance and microbial community structure of an anaerobic stage reactor treating pharmaceutical wastewater

Lookup NU author(s): Shreeshivadasan Chelliapan, Dr Ali Yuzir, Dr Paul Sallis

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Abstract

An unique up-flow anaerobic stage reactor (UASR) treating pharmaceutical wastewater at various organic loading rate (OLR) was investigated and showed efficient substrate removal at low OLRs (0.43-1.86 kg COD m(-3)d(-1)) by promoting efficient chemical oxygen demand (COD) reduction (70-75%). However, increasing the OLRs to 3.73 kg COD m(-3) d(-1) by reducing the hydraulic retention time (HRT) (4-2 d) reduced :he COD removal efficiency (45%). Fluorescent in situ hybridisation (FISH) analysis showed that the microbial community of the reactor stages was dominated by methanogenic archaea (56-79% of 4',6 diamidino-2-phenylindole (DAPI)-stained cells in all stages) when the reactor was fed at OLR 0.86-2.98 kg COD m(-3)d(-1) but decreased in Stage 1 (30% of DAPI-stained cells) when the OLR was at 3.73 kg COD m(-3)d(-1). The two methanogenic genera detected were Methanosarcina and Methanosaeta. Generally, Methanosaeta dominated the reactor stages when the OLR was 0.86-1.86 kg COD m(-3) d(-1), while Methanosarcina dominated during the period of high OLR (2.98-3.73 kg COD m(-3)d(-1)). Based on the number of Desulfovibrio cells detected (8-36% of the total eubacteria) in all stages during the entire operation of the reactor, it appears that sulfidogenic bacteria contributed to the overall degradation of organic substances in the pharmaceutical wastewater. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


Publication metadata

Author(s): Chelliapan S, Wilby T, Yuzir A, Sallis PJ

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Desalination

Year: 2011

Volume: 271

Issue: 1-3

Pages: 257-264

Print publication date: 22/01/2011

ISSN (print): 0011-9164

ISSN (electronic): 1873-4464

Publisher: Elsevier BV

URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.desal.2010.12.045

DOI: 10.1016/j.desal.2010.12.045


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