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Treosulfan-based conditioning regimens for hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in children with primary immunodeficiency: United Kingdom experience

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Mary Slatter, Dr Terence Flood, Dr Mario Abinun, Professor Sophie Hambleton, Professor Andrew Cant, Dr Andrew Gennery

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Abstract

Children with primary immunodeficiency diseases, particularly those less than 1 year of age, experience significant toxicity after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, with busulfan- or melphalan-based conditioning. Treosulfan causes less veno-occlusive disease than busulfan and does not require pharmacokinetic monitoring. We report its use in 70 children. Children received 42 g/m(2) or 36 g/m(2) with cyclophosphamide 200 mg/kg (n = 30) or fludarabine 150 mg/m(2) (n = 40), with alemtuzumab in most. Median age at transplantation was 8.5 months (range, 1.2-175 months); 46 (66%) patients were 12 months of age or younger. Donors were as follows: matched sibling donor, 8; matched family donor, 13; haploidentical, 4; and unrelated, 45. Median follow-up was 19 months (range, 1-47 months). Overall survival was 81%, equivalent in those age less or greater than 1 year. Skin toxicity was common. Veno-occlusive disease occurred twice with cyclophosphamide. Eighteen patients (26%) had graft-versus-host disease, and only 7 (10%) greater than grade 2. Two patients rejected; 24 of 42 more than 1 year after transplantation had 100% donor chimerism. The remainder had stable mixed chimerism. T-cell chimerism was significantly better with fludarabine. Long-term follow-up is required, but in combination with fludarabine, treosulfan is a good choice of conditioning for hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in primary immunodeficiency disease. (Blood. 2011; 117(16):4367-4375)


Publication metadata

Author(s): Slatter MA, Rao K, Amrolia P, Flood T, Abinun M, Hambleton S, Nademi Z, Goulden N, Davies G, Qasim W, Gaspar HB, Cant A, Gennery AR, Veys P

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Blood

Year: 2011

Volume: 117

Issue: 16

Pages: 4367-4375

Print publication date: 16/02/2011

ISSN (print): 0006-4971

ISSN (electronic): 1528-0020

Publisher: American Society of Hematology

URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1182/blood-2010-10-312082

DOI: 10.1182/blood-2010-10-312082


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