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A poly (ethylene oxide)/graphene oxide electrolyte membrane for low temperature polymer fuel cells

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Xu Wu, Professor Keith Scott

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Abstract

A novel method to prepare poly (ethylene oxide)/graphene oxide (PEO/GO) composite membrane aimed for the low temperature polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells without any chemical modification is presented in this work. The membrane thickness is 80 mu m with a GO content of 0.5 wt%. And SEM images show the PEO/GO membrane is condensed composite material without structure defects. Small angle XRD results for the membrane samples show that the d-spacing reflection (0 01) of GO in PEO matrix is shifted from 2H= 11 degrees to 4.5 degrees as the PEO molecules intercalated into the GO layers during the membrane preparation process. FTIR tests show the typical -COOH vibration near 1700 cm(-1). Tensile tests show the resultant PEO/GO membrane tensile strength of 52.22 MPa and Young's modulus 3.21 GPa, and the fractured elongation was about 5%. The ionic conductivity of this PEO/GO membrane increases from 0.086 to 0.134 S cm(-1) when the operation temperature increases from 25 to 60 C with 100% relative humidity. And further tests show the DC electronic resistance of this membrane is higher than 20M Omega at room temperature with 100% relative humidity. Polarization curves in a single cell with this membrane give a maximum power density of 53 mW cm(-2) at the operation temperature around 60 degrees C, without optimizing the catalyst layer composition. (C) 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


Publication metadata

Author(s): Cao YC, Xu CX, Wu X, Wang X, Xing L, Scott K

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Journal of Power Sources

Year: 2011

Volume: 196

Issue: 20

Pages: 8377-8382

Print publication date: 29/06/2011

ISSN (print): 0378-7753

ISSN (electronic): 1873-2755

Publisher: Elsevier SA

URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpowsour.2011.06.074

DOI: 10.1016/j.jpowsour.2011.06.074


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