Lookup NU author(s): Dr David Jamieson,
Dr Nicola Cresti,
Dr Mark Verrill,
Dr Felicity May,
Professor Alan Boddy
Full text for this publication is not currently held within this repository. Alternative links are provided below where available.
Objective A SNP in the NQO1 gene has been implicated in the response of patients with breast cancer to anthracycline containing regimens. NQO1, and its homologue NQO2, share many substrates yet retain distinct functional differences, with NQO2 being a more permissive molecule for electron accepting substrates. We aimed to determine whether functional NQO2 variants are associated with altered response to adjuvant doxorubicin and cyclophosphamide therapy, with or without tamoxifen, in the treatment of breast cancer. Methods Genomic DNA samples from 227 women with early breast cancer were genotyped for NQO1 and NQO2 polymorphisms. All participants were treated with an AC adjuvant therapy regimen. The functional implications of NQO2 polymorphisms were validated in in-vitro ectopic expression models. Results The NQO1 SNP (rs1800566) was associated with a poorer outcome and a lower likelihood of having a treatment delay. Patients who had ER and PR negative disease and were wild type for both the NQO1 and an NQO2 SNP (rs1143684) had 100% 5-year overall survival compared with 88% for carriers of one minor allele and 70% for carriers of two or more minor alleles (P=0.018, log rank). Carriers of minor alleles of a triallelic NQO2 promoter polymorphism were more likely to be withdrawn from tamoxifen therapy prematurely due to intolerance (P=0.009, log rank). MCF-7 cells were sensitized to growth inhibition by doxorubicin and 4OH tamoxifen, but not cyclophosphamide, by ectopic expression of NQO2. Conclusion This study suggests that both NQO1 and NQO2 modulate the efficacy of AC therapy and that NQO2 is associated with tamoxifen toxicity. Pharmacogenetics and Genomics 21:808-819 (C) 2011 Wolters Kluwer Health vertical bar Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
Author(s): Jamieson D, Cresti N, Bray J, Sludden J, Griffin MJ, Hawsawi NM, Famie E, Mould EVA, Verrill MW, May FEB, Boddy AV
Publication type: Article
Publication status: Published
Journal: Pharmacogenetics and Genomics
Print publication date: 01/12/2011
ISSN (print): 1744-6872
ISSN (electronic): 1744-6880
Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Altmetrics provided by Altmetric