Lookup NU author(s): Dr Xu Wu,
Professor Keith Scott
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Cu incorporated Co3O4 (CuxCo3-xO4, 0 <= x <= 1) nanoparticles were prepared using a thermal decomposition method. Properties of the CuxCo3-xO4, such as morphology, particle sizes, crystallite structure and cation distribution, were characterized with SEM, TEM, XRD and EDX. The CuxCo3-xO4 particles, with various x values, were found to be cubic spinel nanoparticles, with average size of 20-30 nm. Incorporation of Cu in the spinel lattice of Co3O4 shifted the Co3+/Co4+ redox peak as well as the onset point for OER to more negative potentials, which may be related to inversion of Cu2+ into the octahedral sites. Amongst all samples studied, Cu0.7Co2.3O4 was the most active for OER. The CuxCo3-xO4 electrodes exhibited satisfying stability during repetitive cyclic voltammetry. A membrane electrode assembly, using 3 mg cm(-2) Cu0.7Co2.3O4 on the anode, demonstrated, in an alkaline membrane water electrolyser, a high current density performance of 1 A cm(-2) at a voltage of 1.8 V in 1 mol dm(-3) KOH at 25 degrees C.
Author(s): Wu X, Scott K
Publication type: Article
Publication status: Published
Journal: Journal of Materials Chemistry
Print publication date: 14/07/2011
ISSN (print): 0959-9428
ISSN (electronic): 1364-5501
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
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