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The Clinically Active PARP Inhibitor AG014699 Ameliorates Cardiotoxicity but Does Not Enhance the Efficacy of Doxorubicin, despite Improving Tumor Perfusion and Radiation Response in Mice

Lookup NU author(s): Huw Thomas, Suzanne Kyle, Ivanda Pavlovska, Professor Nicola Curtin

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Abstract

AG014699 was the first inhibitor of the DNA repair enzyme PARP-1 to enter clinical trial in cancer patients. In addition to enhancing the cytotoxic effect of DNA-damaging chemotherapies, we have previously shown that AG014699 is vasoactive, thereby having the potential to improve drug biodistribution. The effectiveness of the clinical agent doxorubicin is confounded both by poor tumor penetration and cardiotoxicity elicited via PARP hyperactivation. In this study, we analyzed the impact of AG014699 on doxorubicin tolerance and response in breast (MDA-MB-231) and colorectal (SW620, LoVo) tumor models in vitro and in vivo. As anticipated, AG014699 did not potentiate the response to doxorubicin in vitro. In vivo, AG014699 did not influence the pharmacokinetics of doxorubicin; however, it did ameliorate cardiotoxicity. Both toxicity and extent of amelioration were more pronounced in male than in female mice. AG014699 improved vessel perfusion in both MDA-MB-231 and SW620 tumors; however, this neither led to improved tumor-accumulation of doxorubicin nor enhanced therapeutic response. In contrast, when combined with radiotherapy, AG014699 significantly enhanced response both in vitro and in vivo. Real-time assessment of tumor vessel function and companion histologic studies indicate that doxorubicin causes a profound antivascular effect that counters the positive effect of AG014699 on perfusion. These data indicate that although AG014699 can enhance response to some chemotherapeutic drugs via improved delivery, this does not apply to doxorubicin. PARP inhibitors may still be of use to counter doxorubicin toxicity, and if the gender effect translates from rodents to humans, this would have greater effect in males. Mol Cancer Ther; 10(12); 2320-9. (C)2011 AACR.


Publication metadata

Author(s): Ali M, Kamjoo M, Thomas HD, Kyle S, Pavlovska I, Babur M, Telfer BA, Curtin NJ, Williams KJ

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Molecular Cancer Therapeutics

Year: 2011

Volume: 10

Issue: 12

Pages: 2320-2329

Print publication date: 01/12/2011

ISSN (print): 1535-7163

ISSN (electronic): 1538-8514

Publisher: American Association for Cancer Research

URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1158/1535-7163.MCT-11-0356

DOI: 10.1158/1535-7163.MCT-11-0356


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