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The influence of neighbourhood design on travel behaviour: empirical evidence from North East England

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Paulus Aditjandra, Dr Corinne Mulley, Professor John Nelson

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Abstract

This paper investigates the factors that affect travel behaviour within neighbourhoods in Tyne and Wear, North East England while accounting for differences in attitudes and perceptions. Ten different neighbourhoods have been carefully selected to characterise the two different types of traditional and suburban neighbourhood street layouts. A self-administered questionnaire has been delivered to 2,200 households to capture neighbourhood design, travel patterns, travel attitudes and socio-economic characteristics. Multivariate analysis of cross-sectional data shows that some socio-economic variables as well as travel attitudes and neighbourhood design preferences can explain the differences in travel patterns between the two distinct neighbourhood designs. The results show additionally that the traditional neighbourhood group is more sensitive to factors of perception and attitudes in relation to neighbourhood design that lead to walking, cycling and public transport use travel patterns, suggesting that land-use policy designed to accommodate lower carbon-based travel together with measures to encourage active travel will have greater impact on the traditional group than the suburban group. This finding suggests that generic measures imposed by many governments, and certainly implied by current UK land-use policy, to promote sustainable mobility should be selectively targeted.


Publication metadata

Author(s): Aditjandra PT, Mulley C, Nelson JD

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Transport Policy

Year: 2013

Volume: 26

Pages: 54-65

Print publication date: 22/06/2012

ISSN (print): 0967-070X

ISSN (electronic): 1879-310X

Publisher: Pergamon

URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tranpol.2012.05.011

DOI: 10.1016/j.tranpol.2012.05.011

Notes: Special Issue: Understanding behavioural change: An international perspective on sustainable travel behaviours and their motivations: Selected Papers from the 12th World Conference on Transport Research.


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