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Apolipoprotein-E and hepatitis C lipoviral particles in genotype 1 infection: Evidence for an association with interferon sensitivity

Lookup NU author(s): Dr David Sheridan, Dr Simon Bridge, Dr Daniel Felmlee, Professor Geoff Toms, Dr R Neely, Professor Margaret Bassendine

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Abstract

Background & Aims: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) interacts with apolipoproteins B (apoB) and E (apoE) to form infectious lipoviral particles (LVP). Response to peginterferon is influenced by interferon-stimulated genes (ISGs) and IL28B genotype. LDL cholesterol (LDL-C) also predicts interferon response, therefore we hypothesised that LVP may also be associated with interferon sensitivity. Methods: LVP (HCV RNA density <= 1.07 g/ml) and 'non-LVP' (d > 1.07 g/ml) were measured in 72 fasted HCV-G1 patients by iodixanol density gradient ultracentrifugation and the LVP ratio (LVP/LVP + non-LVP) was calculated. Fasting lipid profiles and apolipoproteins B and E were measured. Interferon-gamma-inducible protein 10 kDa (IP10), a marker of ISGs, was measured by ELISA. Results: Complete early virological response (EVR) was associated with lower apoE (23.9 +/- 7.7 vs. 36.1 +/- 15.3 mg/L, p = 0.013), higher LDL-C (p = 0.039) and lower LVP ratios (p = 0.022) compared to null responders. In multivariate linear regression analysis, apoE was independently associated with LVP (R-2 19.5%, p = 0.003) and LVP ratio (p = 0.042), and negatively with LDL-C (p < 0.001). IP10 was significantly associated with ApoB (p = 0.001) and liver stiffness (p = 0.032). IL28B rs12979860 CC was associated with complete EVR (p = 0.044), low apoE (CC 28 +/- 11 vs. CT/TT 35 +/- 13 mg/L, p = 0.048) and higher non-LVP (p = 0.008). Logistic regression analysis indicated that patients with high LVP ratios were less likely to have EVR (odds ratio 0.01, p = 0.018). Conclusions: In HCV-G1, interferon sensitivity is characterised by low LVP ratios and low apoE levels in addition to higher LDL-C and IL28B rs12979860 CC. Null-response is associated with increased LVP ratio. The association of apoE and LVP with peginterferon treatment response suggests that lipid modulation is a potential target to modify interferon sensitivity. (C) 2012 European Association for the Study of the Liver. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


Publication metadata

Author(s): Sheridan DA, Bridge SH, Felmlee DJ, Crossey MME, Thomas HC, Taylor-Robinson SD, Toms GL, Neely RDG, Bassendine MF

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Journal of Hepatology

Year: 2012

Volume: 57

Issue: 1

Pages: 32-38

Print publication date: 10/03/2012

ISSN (print): 0168-8278

ISSN (electronic): 1600-0641

Publisher: Elsevier BV

URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhep.2012.02.017

DOI: 10.1016/j.jhep.2012.02.017


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