Toggle Main Menu Toggle Search

ePrints

Gibbs Free Energy of Formation of Chlordecone and Potential Degradation Products: Implications for Remediation Strategies and Environmental Fate

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Jan Dolfing

Downloads

Full text for this publication is not currently held within this repository. Alternative links are provided below where available.


Abstract

Chlordecone (C10Cl10O; CAS number 143-50-0) has been used extensively as an organochlorine insecticide but is nowadays banned under The Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs). A search for chlordecone-respiring organisms and choosing between reductive versus oxidative remediation tools and strategies to clean up chlordecone-polluted environments would benefit from the availability of Gibbs free energy data of chlordecone and its potential dechlorination products. Presently such data are not available. Polycyclic "cage" molecules of which chlordecone is an example contain considerable strain energy. It is not a priori clear how this affects the thermodynamic properties of the chlorinated members of this unique class of compounds and to what extent redox potentials for the halogenated congeners are different from those of other aliphatic and aromatic organohalogens. We performed ab initio quantum chemical calculations to estimate Delta(Hm)(f)degrees and Delta(f)G(m)(o) values of chlordecone and selected dechlorination products and used these data to calculate their Gibbs free energy and redox potential. With redox potentials in the range of 336-413 mV chlordecone has an E-o' value similar to that of other organochlorines. The results indicate that there are no thermodynamic reasons why chlordecone-respiring or -fermenting organisms should not exist.


Publication metadata

Author(s): Dolfing J, Novak I, Archelas A, Macarie H

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Environmental Science & Technology

Year: 2012

Volume: 46

Issue: 15

Pages: 8131-8139

Print publication date: 10/07/2012

ISSN (print): 0013-936X

ISSN (electronic): 1520-5851

Publisher: American Chemical Society

URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/es301165p

DOI: 10.1021/es301165p


Altmetrics

Altmetrics provided by Altmetric


Actions

    Link to this publication


Share