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Investigating carbonate formation in urban soils as a method for capture and storage of atmospheric carbon

Lookup NU author(s): Carla Washbourne, Phil Renforth, Professor David Manning

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Abstract

This paper investigates the potential for engineered urban soils to capture and store atmospheric carbon (C). Calcium (Ca) and magnesium (Mg) bearing waste silicate minerals within the soil environment can capture and store atmospheric C through the process of weathering and secondary carbonate mineral precipitation. Anthropogenic soils, known to contain substantial quantities of Ca and Mg-rich minerals derived from demolition activity (particularly cement and concrete), were systematically sampled at the surface across a 10 ha brownfield site, Science Central, located in the urban centre of Newcastle upon Tyne, U.K. Subsequent analysis yielded average carbonate contents of 21.8 +/- 4.7% wt CaCO3. Isotopic analysis demonstrated delta O-18 values between -9.4 parts per thousand and -13.3 parts per thousand and delta C-13 values between -7.4 parts per thousand and -13.6 parts per thousand (relative to Pee Dee Belemnite), suggesting that up to 39.4 +/- 8.8% of the carbonate C has been captured from the atmosphere through hydroxylation of dissolved CO2 in high pH solutions. The remaining carbonate C is derived from lithogenic sources. 37.4 kg of atmospheric CO2 has already been captured and stored as carbonate per Mg of soil across the site, representing a carbon dioxide (CO2) removal rate of 12.5 kgCO(2) Mg-1 yr(-1). There is the potential for capture and storage of a further 27.3 kgCO(2) Mg-1 in residual reactive materials, which may be exploited through increased residence time (additional in situ weathering). Overall, the Science Central site has the potential to capture and store a total of 64,800 Mg CO2 as carbonate minerals. This study illustrates the potential for managing urban soils as tools of C capture and storage, an important ecosystem service, and demonstrates the importance of studying C storage in engineering urban anthropogenic soils. (C) 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


Publication metadata

Author(s): Washbourne CL, Renforth P, Manning DAC

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Science of the Total Environment

Year: 2012

Volume: 431

Pages: 166-175

Print publication date: 01/08/2012

ISSN (print): 0048-9697

ISSN (electronic): 1879-1026

Publisher: Elsevier BV

URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2012.05.037

DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2012.05.037


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