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The Capsular Polysaccharide Vi from Salmonella Typhi Is a B1b Antigen

Lookup NU author(s): Professor Jeremy Lakey

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Abstract

Vaccination with purified capsular polysaccharide Vi Ag from Salmonella typhi can protect against typhoid fever, although the mechanism for its efficacy is not clearly established. In this study, we have characterized the B cell response to this vaccine in wildtype and T cell deficient mice. We show that immunization with typhoid vi polysaccharide vaccine rapidly induces proliferation in B1b peritoneal cells, but not in B1a cells or marginal zone B cells. This induction of B1b proliferation is concomitant with the detection of splenic Vi-specific Ab-secreting cells and protective Ab in Rag1-deficient B1b cell chimeras generated by adoptive transfer-induced specific Ab after Vi immunization. Furthermore, Ab derived from peritoneal B cells is sufficient to confer protection against Salmonella that express Vi Ag. Expression of Vi by Salmonella during infection did not inhibit the development of early Ab responses to non-Vi Ags. Despite this, the protection conferred by immunization of mice with porin proteins from Salmonella, which induce Ab-mediated protection, was reduced postinfection with Vi-expressing Salmonella, although protection was not totally abrogated. This work therefore suggests that, in mice, B1b cells contribute to the protection induced by Vi Ag, and targeting non-Vi Ags as subunit vaccines may offer an attractive strategy to augment current Vi-based vaccine strategies. The Journal of Immunology, 2012,189: 5527-5532.


Publication metadata

Author(s): Marshall JL, Flores-Langarica A, Kingsley RA, Hitchcock JR, Ross EA, Lopez-Macias C, Lakey J, Martin LB, Toellner KM, MacLennan CA, MacLennan IC, Henderson IR, Dougan G, Cunningham AF

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Journal of Immunology

Year: 2012

Volume: 189

Issue: 12

Pages: 5527-5532

Print publication date: 01/12/2012

ISSN (print): 0022-1767

ISSN (electronic): 1550-6606

Publisher: American Association of Immunologists

URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.4049/jimmunol.1103166

DOI: 10.4049/jimmunol.1103166


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