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Observable vortex properties in finite-temperature Bose gases

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Joy Allen, Professor Carlo Barenghi, Professor Nikolaos Proukakis

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Abstract

We study the dynamics of vortices in finite temperature atomic Bose-Einstein condensates, focusing on decay rates, precession frequencies, and core brightness, motivated by a recent experiment [Science 329, 1182 (2010)] in which real-time dynamics of a single vortex was observed. Using the Zaremba, Nikuni, and Griffin (ZNG) formalism based on a dissipative Gross-Pitaevskii equation for the condensate coupled to a semiclassical Boltzmann equation for the thermal cloud, we find a rapid nonlinear increase of both the decay rate and precession frequency with increasing temperatures. The increase, which is dominated by the dynamical condensate-thermal coupling is also dependent on the intrinsic thermal cloud collisional dynamics; the precession frequency also varies with the initial radial coordinate. The integrated thermal cloud density in the vortex core is for the most part independent of the position of the vortex (except when it is near the condensate edge), with its value increasing with temperature. This could potentially be used as a variant to the method of Coddington et al. [Phys. Rev. A 70, 063607 (2004)] for experimentally determining the temperature. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevA.87.013630


Publication metadata

Author(s): Allen AJ, Zaremba E, Barenghi CF, Proukakis NP

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Physical Review A

Year: 2013

Volume: 87

Issue: 1

Print publication date: 25/01/2013

Date deposited: 09/04/2014

ISSN (print): 1050-2947

ISSN (electronic): 0556-2791

Publisher: American Physical Society

URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevA.87.013630

DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevA.87.013630


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