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Activity recognition from on-body sensors: accuracy-power trade-off by dynamic sensor selection

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Daniel Roggen

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Abstract

Activity recognition from an on-body sensor network enables context-aware applications in wearable computing. A guaranteed classification accuracy is desirable while optimizing power consumption to ensure the system’s wearability. In this paper, we investigate the benefits of dynamic sensor selection in order to use efficiently available energy while achieving a desired activity recognition accuracy. For this purpose we introduce and characterize an activity recognition method with an underlying run-time sensor selection scheme. The system relies on a meta-classifier that fuses the information of classifiers operating on individual sensors. Sensors are selected according to their contribution to classification accuracy as assessed during system training. We test this system by recognizing manipulative activities of assembly-line workers in a car production environment. Results show that the system’s lifetime can be significantly extended while keeping high recognition accuracies. We discuss how this approach can be implemented in a dynamic sensor network by using the context-recognition framework Titan that we are developing for dynamic and heterogeneous sensor networks.


Publication metadata

Author(s): Zappi P, Lombriser C, Farella E, Roggen D, Benini L, Tröster G

Editor(s): R. Verdone

Publication type: Conference Proceedings (inc. Abstract)

Publication status: Published

Conference Name: 5th European Conference on Wireless Sensor Networks (EWSN 2008)

Year of Conference: 2008

Pages: 17-33

ISSN: 0302-9743

Publisher: Springer

URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-77690-1_2

DOI: 10.1007/978-3-540-77690-1_2

Library holdings: Search Newcastle University Library for this item

Series Title: Lecture Notes in Computer Science

ISBN: 9783540776895


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