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Spectroscopic Evidence for Fe(II)–Fe(III) Electron Transfer at Clay Mineral Edge and Basal Sites

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Anke Neumann

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Abstract

Despite the importance of Fe redox cycling in clay minerals, the mechanism and location of electron transfer remain unclear. More specifically, there is some controversy whether electron transfer can occur through both basal and edge surfaces. Here we used Mössbauer spectroscopy combined with selective chemical extractions to study electron transfer from Fe(II) sorbed to basal planes and edge OH-groups of clay mineral NAu?1. Fe(II) sorbed predominantly to basal planes at pH values below 6.0 and to edge OH-groups at pH value 7.5. Significant electron transfer occurred from edge OH-group bound Fe(II) at pH 7.5, whereas electron transfer from basal plane-sorbed Fe(II) to structural Fe(III) in clay mineral NAu?1 at pH 4.0 and 6.0 occurred but to a much lower extent than from edge-bound Fe(II). Mössbauer hyperfine parameters for Fe(II)-reacted NAu?1 at pH 7.5 were consistent with structural Fe(II), whereas values found at pH 4.0 and 6.0 were indicative of binding environments similar to basal plane-sorbed Fe(II). Reference experiments with Fe-free synthetic montmorillonite SYn?1 provided supporting evidence for the assignment of the hyperfine parameters to Fe(II) bound to basal planes and edge OH-groups. Our findings demonstrate that electron transfer to structural Fe in clay minerals can occur from Fe(II) sorbed to both basal planes and edge OH-groups. These findings require us to reassess the mechanisms of abiotic and microbial Fe reduction in clay minerals as well as the importance of Fe-bearing clay minerals as a renewable source of redox equivalents in subsurface environments.


Publication metadata

Author(s): Neumann A, Olson TL, Scherer MM

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Environmental Science & Technology

Year: 2013

Volume: 37

Issue: 13

Pages: 6969-6977

Print publication date: 21/03/2013

Date deposited: 10/03/2014

ISSN (print): 0013-936X

ISSN (electronic): 1520-5851

Publisher: American Chemical Society

URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/es304744v

DOI: 10.1021/es304744v


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