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Evidence That GH115 alpha-Glucuronidase Activity, Which Is Required to Degrade Plant Biomass, Is Dependent on Conformational Flexibility

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Artur Rogowski, Dr Arnaud Basle, Dr Alexandra Solovyova, Professor Harry Gilbert, Dr David Bolam

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).


Abstract

The microbial degradation of the plant cell wall is an important biological process that is highly relevant to environmentally significant industries such as the bioenergy and biorefining sectors. A major component of the wall is glucuronoxylan, a 1,4-linked xylose polysaccharide that is decorated with -linked glucuronic and/or methylglucuronic acid (GlcA/MeGlcA). Recently three members of a glycoside hydrolase family, GH115, were shown to hydrolyze MeGlcA side chains from the internal regions of xylan, an activity that has not previously been described. Here we show that a dominant member of the human microbiota, Bacteroides ovatus, contains a GH115 enzyme, BoAgu115A, which displays glucuronoxylan -(4-O-methyl)-glucuronidase activity. The enzyme is significantly more active against substrates in which the xylose decorated with GlcA/MeGlcA is flanked by one or more xylose residues. The crystal structure of BoAgu115A revealed a four-domain protein in which the active site, comprising a pocket that abuts a cleft-like structure, is housed in the second domain that adopts a TIM barrel-fold. The third domain, a five-helical bundle, and the C-terminal -sandwich domain make inter-chain contacts leading to protein dimerization. Informed by the structure of the enzyme in complex with GlcA in its open ring form, in conjunction with mutagenesis studies, the potential substrate binding and catalytically significant amino acids were identified. Based on the catalytic importance of residues located on a highly flexible loop, the enzyme is required to undergo a substantial conformational change to form a productive Michaelis complex with glucuronoxylan.


Publication metadata

Author(s): Rogowski A, Basle A, Farinas CS, Solovyova A, Mortimer JC, Dupree P, Gilbert HJ, Bolam DN

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Journal of Biological Chemistry

Year: 2014

Volume: 289

Issue: 1

Pages: 53-64

Print publication date: 03/01/2014

Online publication date: 08/11/2013

ISSN (print): 0021-9258

ISSN (electronic):

Publisher: American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Inc.

URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1074/jbc.M113.525295

DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M113.525295


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