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Clinical, biochemical, cellular and molecular characterization of mitochondrial DNA depletion syndrome due to novel mutations in the MPV17 gene

Lookup NU author(s): Anna Butterworth, Kate Craig, Professor Robert Taylor

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).


Abstract

Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) depletion syndromes (MDS) are severe autosomal recessive disorders associated with decreased mtDNA copy number in clinically affected tissues. The hepatocerebral form (mtDNA depletion in liver and brain) has been associated with mutations in the POLG, PEO1 (Twinkle), DGUOK and MPV17 genes, the latter encoding a mitochondria] inner membrane protein of unknown function. The aims of this study were to clarify further the clinical, biochemical, cellular and molecular genetic features associated with MDS due to MPV17 gene mutations. We identified 12 pathogenic mutations in the MPV17 gene, of which 11 are novel, in 17 patients from 12 families. All patients manifested liver disease. Poor feeding, hypoglycaemia, raised serum lactate, hypotonia and faltering growth were common presenting features. mtDNA depletion in liver was demonstrated in all seven cases where liver tissue was available. Mosaic mtDNA depletion was found in primary fibroblasts by PicoGreen staining. These results confirm that MPV17 mutations are an important cause of hepatocerebral mtDNA depletion syndrome, and provide the first demonstration of mosaic mtDNA depletion in human MPV17 mutant fibroblast cultures. We found that a severe clinical phenotype was associated with profound tissue-specific mtDNA depletion in liver, and, in some cases, mosaic mtDNA depletion in fibroblasts.


Publication metadata

Author(s): Uusimaa J, Evans J, Smith C, Butterworth A, Craig K, Ashley N, Liao CY, Carver J, Diot A, Macleod L, Hargreaves I, Al-Hussaini A, Faqeih E, Asery A, Al Balwi M, Eyaid W, Al-Sunaid A, Kelly D, van Mourik I, Ball S, Jarvis J, Mulay A, Hadzic N, Samyn M, Baker A, Rahman S, Stewart H, Morris AAM, Seller A, Fratter C, Taylor RW, Poulton J

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: European Journal of Human Genetics

Year: 2014

Volume: 22

Issue: 2

Pages: 184-191

Print publication date: 01/02/2014

Online publication date: 29/05/2013

Acceptance date: 17/04/2013

ISSN (print): 1018-4813

ISSN (electronic): 1476-5438

Publisher: Nature Publishing Group

URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ejhg.2013.112

DOI: 10.1038/ejhg.2013.112


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