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Embryonic Cerebrospinal Fluid Nanovesicles Carry Evolutionarily Conserved Molecules and Promote Neural Stem Cell Amplification

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Steven Lisgo

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).


Abstract

During brain development, neural stem cells (NSCs) receive on-or-off signals important for regulating their amplification and reaching adequate neuron density. However, how a coordinated regulation of intracellular pathways and genetic programs is achieved has remained elusive. Here, we found that the embryonic (e) CSF contains 10(12) nanoparticles/ml (77 nm diameter), some of which were identified as exosome nanovesicles that contain evolutionarily conserved molecules important for coordinating intracellular pathways. eCSF nanovesicles collected from rodent and human embryos encapsulate protein and microRNA components of the insulin-like growth factor (IGF) signaling pathway. Supplementation of eCSF nanovesicles to a mixed culture containing eNSCs activated the IGF-mammalian target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1) pathway in eNSCs and expanded the pool of proliferative eNSCs. These data show that the eCSF serves as a medium for the distribution of nanovesicles, including exosomes, and the coordinated transfer of evolutionary conserved molecules that regulate eNSC amplification during corticogenesis.


Publication metadata

Author(s): Feliciano DM, Zhang SL, Nasrallah CM, Lisgo SN, Bordey A

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: PLoS One

Year: 2014

Volume: 9

Issue: 2

Print publication date: 12/02/2014

Acceptance date: 12/01/2014

ISSN (electronic): 1932-6203

Publisher: Public Library of Science

URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0088810

DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0088810

Notes: ARTN e88810


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