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Exploring changes in public transport use and walking, following residential relocation: a British case study

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Paulus Aditjandra, Dr Corinne Mulley

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC 4.0).


Abstract

The promotion of local sustainable travel is ever prominent within local transport plans, although it is still not well understood how the change to more sustainable and less carbon-based travel can be achieved. The objective of this study is to gain a better understanding of the travel choice mechanism, following residential relocation. This paper uses a structural equations model and an ordered model to explore the drivers of public transport and walking use within an urban environment, using a quasi-longitudinal data set from ten communities in the metropolitan area of Tyne and Wear, North East England, UK. The results show that changes in public transport use are determined by accessibility features of the built environment alongside socio-demographic and travel attitude characteristics. Changes in walking, on the other hand, are determined mostly by built environment characteristics. These findings suggest that a different approach is needed for the promotion of public transport use than for increasing walking trips (aside from walking to access public transport). The provision of public transport services needs to take account of the importance of the value of transport to users to sufficiently attract and retain users. To promote walking, policy must focus on changes to the built environment (such as safety, travel accessibility and the sociability of the environment) since it is changes in these characteristics that drive walking in the urban area.


Publication metadata

Author(s): Aditjandra PT, Cao XJ, Mulley C

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: The Journal of Transport and Land Use

Year: 2016

Volume: 9

Issue: 3

Pages: 1-19

Online publication date: 06/07/2015

Acceptance date: 28/12/2014

Date deposited: 03/12/2015

ISSN (electronic): 1938-7849

Publisher: University of Minnesota, Department of Civil, Environmental, and Geo-Engineering

URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.5198/jtlu.2015.588

DOI: 10.5198/jtlu.2015.588


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