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Comparison of high-temperature and low-temperature polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell systems with glycerol reforming process for stationary applications

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Mohamed Mamlouk, Professor Keith Scott

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Abstract

A high-temperature polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell (HT-PEMFC) has a major advantage over a low-temperature polymer electrolyte fuel cell (LT-PEMFC) demonstrated by a tolerance to a higher CO content in the hydrogen feed and thus a simpler fuel processing. In this study, a direct comparison between the performance of HT-PEMFC and LT-PEMFC systems integrated with a glycerol steam reformer with and without a water gas shift reactor is shown. Under pure hydrogen operation, the LT-PEMFC performance is superior to the HT-PEMFC. However, the HT-PEMFC system shows good performance over the LT-PEMFC system when operated under high current density and high pressure (3 atm) and using the reformate gas derived from the glycerol processor as fuel. At high current density, the high concentration of CO is the major limitation for the operation of HT-PEMFC system without water gas shift reactor, whereas the LT-PEMFC suffers from CO poisoning and restricted oxygen mass transport. Considering the system efficiency with co-heat and power generation, the HT-PEMFC system with water gas shift reactor shows the highest overall system efficiency (approximately 60%) and therefore one of the most suitable technologies for stationary applications. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Publication metadata

Author(s): Authayanun S, Mamlouk M, Scott K, Arpornwichanop A

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Applied Energy

Year: 2013

Volume: 109

Pages: 192-201

Print publication date: 01/09/2013

Online publication date: 01/05/2013

Acceptance date: 03/04/2013

ISSN (print): 0306-2619

ISSN (electronic): 1872-9118

Publisher: Pergamon Press

URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2013.04.009

DOI: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2013.04.009


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