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Threading the barrel of the RNA exosome

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Claudia Schneider

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Abstract

In eukaryotes, the exosome complex degrades RNA backbones and plays key roles in RNA processing and surveillance. It was predicted that RNA substrates are threaded through a central channel. This pathway is conserved between eukaryotic and archaeal complexes, even though nuclease activity was lost from the nine-subunit eukaryotic core (EXO-9) and transferred to associated proteins. The exosome cooperates with nuclear and cytoplasmic cofactors, including RNA helicases Mtr4 and Ski2, respectively. Structures of an RNA-bound exosome and both helicases revealed how substrates are channeled through EXO-9 to the associated nuclease Rrp44. Recent high-throughput analyses provided fresh insights relating exosome structure to its diverse in vivo functions. They also revealed surprisingly high degradation rates for newly synthesized RNAs, particularly RNA polymerase III transcripts.


Publication metadata

Author(s): Schneider C, Tollervey D

Publication type: Review

Publication status: Published

Journal: Trends in Biochemical Sciences

Year: 2013

Volume: 38

Issue: 10

Pages: 485-493

Print publication date: 01/10/2013

Online publication date: 02/10/2013

ISSN (print): 0968-0004

ISSN (electronic): 1362-4326

Publisher: ELSEVIER SCIENCE LONDON

URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tibs.2013.06.013

DOI: 10.1016/j.tibs.2013.06.013


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