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Lookup NU author(s): Professor David Howard
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The context in which objects are presented influences the speed at which they are named. We employed the blocked cyclic naming paradigm and perfusion functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to investigate the mechanisms responsible for interference effects reported for thematically and categorically related compared to unrelated contexts. Naming objects in categorically homogeneous contexts induced a significant interference effect that accumulated from the second cycle onwards. This interference effect was associated with significant perfusion signal decreases in left middle and posterior lateral temporal cortex and the hippocampus. By contrast, thematically homogeneous contexts facilitated naming latencies significantly in the first cycle and did not differ from heterogeneous contexts thereafter, nor were they associated with any perfusion signal changes compared to heterogeneous contexts. These results are interpreted as being consistent with an account in which the interference effect both originates and has its locus at the lexical level, with an incremental leaming mechanism adapting the activation levels of target lexical representations following access. We discuss the implications of these findings for accounts that assume thematic relations can be active lexical competitors or assume mandatory involvement of top down control mechanisms in interference effects during naming. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Author(s): de Zubicaray G, Johnson K, Howard D, McMahon K
Publication type: Article
Publication status: Published
Print publication date: 01/05/2014
Online publication date: 11/02/2014
Acceptance date: 27/01/2014
ISSN (print): 0010-9452
ISSN (electronic): 1973-8102
Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
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