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Effect of erlotinib on CYP3A activity, evaluated in vitro and by dual probes in patients with cancer

Lookup NU author(s): Professor Alan Calvert, Professor Ruth Plummer

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Abstract

In vitro, erlotinib (0-30 mu mol/l) and C-14-labelled midazolam (MDZ) (5 mu mol/l) were incubated with human liver microsomes; separately, microsomes were preincubated with erlotinib (10 mu mol/l) before the addition of MDZ. Results showed a time-dependent inhibition of MDZ metabolism by erlotinib, with a K-i of 7.5 mu mol/l and an inactivation rate constant of 0.009/min. Patients with cancer (n = 24) received a single oral dose of 7.5 mg MDZ and a single intravenous dose of 3 mu Ci [C-14-N-methyl] erythromycin on days 1, 8, 14 and 21. Patients also received 150 mg oral erlotinib daily from day 8 to day 14. Plasma concentrations of erlotinib and OSI-420 were determined on days 8 and 14; MDZ and 1'-hydroxymidazolam were determined on days 1, 8, 14 and 21. Coadministration of erlotinib resulted in a 4 and a 16% increase in (CO2)-C-14 on days 8 and 14, respectively, after the administration of erythromycin. The mean AUC(0-last) of MDZ decreased 17 and 34% after erlotinib treatment on day 8 and day 14, respectively. The half-life of MDZ and the AUC ratio of 1'-hydroxymidazolam to MDZ were not significantly changed. Although erlotinib may be a weak mechanism-based irreversible inhibitor of CYP3A4 in vitro, in vivo, erlotinib did not inhibit CYP3A-mediated metabolism, as determined by the erythromycin breath test and the MDZ pharmacokinetics. The mechanism for reduced exposure of MDZ is unclear, but may be because of an increase in intestinal metabolism or decreased absorption. These findings suggest that coadministration of erlotinib may not result in clinically relevant increases in exposure of CYP3A substrates. Anti-Cancer Drugs 25:832-840 (C) 2014 Wolters Kluwer Health vertical bar Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.


Publication metadata

Author(s): Calvert H, Twelves C, Ranson M, Plummer R, Fettner S, Pantze M, Ling J, Hamilton M, Lum BL, Rakhit A

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Anti-Cancer Drugs

Year: 2014

Volume: 25

Issue: 7

Pages: 832-840

Print publication date: 01/08/2014

ISSN (print): 0959-4973

ISSN (electronic): 1473-5741

Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/CAD.0000000000000099

DOI: 10.1097/CAD.0000000000000099


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