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Cytokinesis in bacteria

Lookup NU author(s): Professor Jeff Errington, Dr Richard Daniel

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Abstract

Work on two diverse rod-shaped bacteria, Escherichia coli and Bacillus subtilis, has defined a set of about 10 conserved proteins that are important for cell division in a wide range of eubacteria. These proteins are directed to the division site by the combination of two negative regulatory systems. Nucleoid occlusion is a poorly understood mechanism whereby the nucleoid prevents division in the cylindrical part of the cell, until chromosome segregation has occurred near midcell. The Min proteins prevent division in the nucleoid-free spaces near the cell poles in a manner that is beginning to be understood in cytological and biochemical terms. The hierarchy whereby the essential division proteins assemble at the midcell division site has been worked out for both E. coli and B. subtilis. They can be divided into essentially three classes depending on their position in the hierarchy and, to a certain extent, their subcellular localization. FtsZ is a cytosolic tubulin-like protein that polymerizes into an oligomeric structure that forms the initial ring at midcell. FtsA is another cytosolic protein that is related to actin, but its precise function is unclear. The cytoplasmic proteins are linked to the membrane by putative membrane anchor proteins, such as ZipA of E. coli and possibly EzrA of B. subtilis, which have a single membrane span but a cytoplasmic C-terminal domain. The remaining proteins are either integral membrane proteins or transmembrane proteins with their major domains outside the cell. The functions of most of these proteins are unclear with the exception of at least one penicillin-binding protein, which catalyzes a key step in cell wall synthesis in the division septum.


Publication metadata

Author(s): Errington J, Daniel RA, Scheffers DJ

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Microbiology and Molecular Biology Reviews

Year: 2003

Volume: 67

Issue: 1

Pages: 52-65

ISSN (print): 1092-2172

ISSN (electronic): 1098-5557

Publisher: American Society for Microbiology

URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/MMBR.67.1.52-65.2003

DOI: 10.1128/MMBR.67.1.52-65.2003


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