Lookup NU author(s): Paul Thompson,
Professor Alastair Hawkins
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Structural, biochemical and computational studies to study substrate binding and the role of the conserved residues of the DHQ1 (type I dehydroquinase) enzyme active site are reported in the present paper. The crystal structure of DHQ1 from Salmonella typhi in complex with (2R)-2-methyl-3-dehydroquinic acid, a substrate analogue, was solved at 1.5 angstrom. The present study reveals a previously unknown key role for conserved Glu(46), Phe(145) and Met(205) and Gln(236), Pro(234) and Ala(233) residues, with the latter three being located in the flexible substrate-covering loop. Gln(236) was shown to be responsible for the folding of this loop and for the dramatic reduction of its flexibility, which triggers active site closure. Glu(46) was found to be key in bringing the substrate close to the lysine/histidine catalytic pocket to initiate catalysis. The present study could be useful in the rational design of inhibitors of this challenging and recognized target for the development of novel herbicides and antimicrobial agents.
Author(s): Maneiro M, Peon A, Lence E, Otero JM, Van Raaij MJ, Thompson P, Hawkins AR, Gonzalez-Bello C
Publication type: Article
Publication status: Published
Journal: Biochemical Journal
Print publication date: 15/09/2014
Online publication date: 24/06/2014
Acceptance date: 24/06/2014
ISSN (print): 0264-6021
ISSN (electronic): 1470-8728
Publisher: Portland Press Ltd.
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