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Tuning transcription of nutrient utilization genes to catabolic rate promotes growth in a gut bacterium

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Elisabeth Lowe, Dr David Bolam

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Abstract

Cells respond to nutrient availability by expressing nutrient catabolic genes. We report that the regulator controlling utilization of chondroitin sulphate (CS) in the mammalian gut symbiont Bacteroides thetaiotaomicron is activated by an intermediate in CS breakdown rather than CS itself. We determine that the rate-determining enzyme in CS breakdown is responsible for degrading this intermediate and establish that the levels of the enzyme increase 100-fold, whereas those of the regulator remain constant upon exposure to CS. Because enzyme and regulator compete for the intermediate, B. thetaiotaomicron tunes transcription of CS utilization genes to CS catabolic rate. This tuning results in a transient increase in CS utilization transcripts upon exposure to excess CS. Constitutive expression of the rate-determining enzyme hindered activation of CS utilization genes and growth on CS. An analogous mechanism regulates heparin utilization genes, suggesting that the identified strategy aids B. thetaiotaomicron in the competitive gut environment.


Publication metadata

Author(s): Raghavan V, Lowe EC, Townsend GE, Bolam DN, Groisman EA

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Molecular Microbiology

Year: 2014

Volume: 93

Issue: 5

Pages: 1010-1025

Print publication date: 01/09/2014

Online publication date: 12/08/2014

Acceptance date: 08/07/2014

ISSN (print): 0950-382X

ISSN (electronic): 1365-2958

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/mmi.12714

DOI: 10.1111/mmi.12714


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