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Transmitters in the Developing and Senescent Human Brain

Lookup NU author(s): Emeritus Professor Elaine Perry, Dr Margaret Piggott, Dr Jennifer Court, Mary Johnson, Emeritus Professor Robert Perry

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Abstract

During development and throughout adult life, modeling of CNS structure and function occurs as a result of experience. Transmitters play a central role in this mechanism both directly and indirectly (through control of neurotrophin expression) by governing synapse formation, elimination or consolidation. Cholinergic and excitatory amino acid transmitter system activities have been examined in postmortem human brain obtained from normal individuals varying from the prenatal period to old age. Whereas glutamate NMDA receptor binding (measured using MK801) was not substantially altered across the postnatal period, dramatic and differing patterns of choline acetlytransferase (ChAT) activity were evident. Thus, in the cerebellum, ChAT activity was 10-fold higher in fetal compared to adult individuals whereas in the hippocampus there was little or no activity in the fetus and activity rose postnatally to reach a maximum in middle age and then declined to half that level by the tenth decade. Acetylcholinesterase (AChE) histochemical reactivity paralleled the developmental pattern for ChAT in the hippocampus and adjacent cortex with respect to fiber reactivity. These findings indicate that cholinergic synaptic plasticity may be restricted to the prenatal period in cerebellum but occur in both the postnatal period and throughout adult life in the hippocampus and cortex, a concept consistent with the temporal and regional expression of cholinoneurotrophins (NGF and related peptides). Vulnerability of the hippocampus and cortex to age-related pathology such as β-amyloidosis and neuritic plaque formation may relate to the extended period of cholinergic synaptic sculpting in these areas


Publication metadata

Author(s): Perry EK, Piggott MA, Court JA, Johnson M, Perry RH

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences

Year: 2006

Volume: 695

Issue: 1

Pages: 69-72

Print publication date: 01/09/1993

Online publication date: 17/12/2006

ISSN (print): 0077-8923

ISSN (electronic): 1749-6632

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc.

URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1749-6632.1993.tb23030.x

DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1993.tb23030.x


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