Lookup NU author(s): Dr Katarzyna Pirog,
Professor Michael Briggs
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC 4.0).
ObjectiveTo investigate the in vivo role of the IRE1/XBP1 unfolded protein response (UPR) signaling pathway in cartilage.DesignXbp1flox/flox.Col2a1-Cre mice (Xbp1CartΔEx2), in which XBP1 activity is ablated specifically from cartilage, were analyzed histomorphometrically by Alizarin red/Alcian blue skeletal preparations and X-rays to examine overall bone growth, histological stains to measure growth plate zone length, chondrocyte organization, and mineralization, and immunofluorescence for collagen II, collagen X, and IHH. BrdU and TUNEL analysis was used to measure chondrocyte proliferation and cell death, respectively. Chondrocyte cultures and microdissected growth plate zones were analyzed for expression profiling of chondrocyte proliferation or endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress markers by Quantitative PCR (qPCR), and of Xbp1 mRNA splicing by RT-PCR to monitor IRE1 activation.ResultsXbp1CartΔEx2 displayed a chondrodysplasia involving dysregulated chondrocyte proliferation, growth plate hypertrophic zone shortening, and IRE1 hyperactivation in chondrocytes. Deposition of collagens II and X in the Xbp1CartΔEx2 growth plate cartilage indicated that XBP1 is not required for matrix protein deposition or chondrocyte hypertrophy. Analyses of mid-gestation long bones revealed delayed ossification in Xbp1CartΔEx2 embryos. The rate of chondrocyte cell death was not significantly altered, and only minimal alterations in the expression of key markers of chondrocyte proliferation were observed in the Xbp1CartΔEx2 growth plate. IRE1 hyperactivation occurred in Xbp1CartΔEx2 chondrocytes but was not sufficient to induce regulated IRE1-dependent decay (RIDD) or a classical UPR.ConclusionOur work suggests roles for XBP1 in regulating chondrocyte proliferation and the timing of mineralization during endochondral ossification, findings which have implications for both skeletal development and disease.
Author(s): Cameron TL, Gresshoff IL, Bell KM, Piróg KA, Sampurno L, Hartley CL, Sanford EM, Wilson R, Ermann J, Boot-Handford RP, Glimcher LH, Briggs MD, Bateman JF
Publication type: Article
Publication status: Published
Journal: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
Print publication date: 01/04/2015
Online publication date: 16/01/2015
Acceptance date: 04/01/2015
ISSN (print): 1063-4584
ISSN (electronic): 1522-9653
Publisher: Elsevier Ltd
PubMed id: 25600960
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