Lookup NU author(s): Professor Harry Gilbert
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Background and Aims Rhamnogalacturonan II (RGII) is a structurally complex pectic sub-domain composed of more than 12 different sugars and 20 different linkages distributed in five side chains along a homogalacturonan backbone. Although RGII has long been described as highly conserved over plant evolution, recent studies have revealed variations in the structure of the polysaccharide. This study examines the fine structure variability of RGII in wine, focusing on the side chains A and B obtained after sequential mild acid hydrolysis. Specifically, this study aims to differentiate intrinsic structural variations in these RGII side chains from structural variations due to acid hydrolysis.Methods RGII from wine (Vitis vinifera Merlot) was sequentially hydrolysed with trifluoroacetic acid (TFA) and the hydrolysis products were separated by anion-exchange chromatography (AEC). AEC fractions or total hydrolysates were analysed by MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry.Key Results The optimal conditions to recover non-degraded side chain B, side chain A and RGII backbone were 0.1 M TFA at 40 degrees C for 16 h, 0.48 M TFA at 40 degrees C for 16 h (or 0.1 M TFA at 60 degrees C for 8 h) and 0.1 M TFA at 60 degrees C for 16 h, respectively. Side chain B was particularly prone to acid degradation. Side chain A and the RGII GalA backbone were partly degraded by 0.1 M TFA at 80 degrees C for 1-4 h. AEC allowed separation of side chain B, methyl-esterified side chain A and non-methyl-esterified side chain A. The structure of side chain A and the GalA backbone were highly variable.Conclusions Several modifications to the RGII structure of wine were identified. The observed dearabinosylation and deacetylation were primarily the consequence of acidic treatment, while variation in methyl-esterification, methyl-ether linkages and oxidation reflect natural diversity. The physiological significance of this variability, however, remains to be determined.
Author(s): Buffetto F, Ropartz D, Zhang XJ, Gilbert HJ, Guillon F, Ralet MC
Publication type: Article
Publication status: Published
Journal: Annals of Botany
Print publication date: 01/10/2014
Online publication date: 07/06/2014
Acceptance date: 09/04/2014
ISSN (print): 0305-7364
ISSN (electronic): 1095-8290
Publisher: Oxford University Press
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